33th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences

03.1 - Aerodynamics CFD Methods and Validation

IN-FLIGHT MEASUREMENTS AND ESTIMATION OF SONIC BOOM SIGNATURE OF SUPERSONIC AIRCRAFT

L. Qu, China; S. Han, China; Y. Song, China; Y. Xu, China; Y. Zhang, China; Y. Wang, China

Sonic boom is one of the key problems to be solved in the development of supersonic civil aircraft. In-flight flow-field signature measurements is the most direct method to study the sonic boom characteristics of supersonic aircraft. It can provide truly credible verification data for the sonic boom prediction method and low sonic boom design technology, which is of great significance to the design of a new generation of low-sonic boom supersonic civil aircraft. Technologies related to sonic boom flight test track planning, ground-air integrated large-scale array sonic boom measurement are developed. A special in-flight sonic boom test programme was carried out, collecting multiple sets of sonic boom measured data under real atmospheric conditions, which confirmed the rationality of the in-flight test plan. The sonic boom waveform measured on track has significant correlation. The relative error of the sonic boom signal bow shock peak is about 18%, which of the tail shock peak is about 8%. The duration of the sonic boom signature is around 0.1s. The far-field boom measured data and numerical prediction results are compared and analyzed. The basic shape of the sonic boom signatures obtained is consistent, and the duration is relatively close. The relative error between the peak values of the bow shock and the wing leading edge shock is less than 5%; the subjective loudness evaluation of the sonic boom was carried out by the Stevens loudness method, and the loudness levels of the far-field sonic boom signals obtained were all around 120PLdB, with the error less than 1PLdB, which verified the reliability of the sonic boom prediction method.


View Paper